Ruby is a gemstone-quality specimen of corundum which is a mineral specie found in igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks. Famous for its gorgeous red color, ruby is one of the four most highly demanded and precious gemstones in the world alongside diamond, blue sapphire, and emerald. Blue sapphire is another gemstone-quality specimen of corundum with blue color while colorless corundum is known as white sapphire. In addition, fancy sapphire is also a gemstone-quality specimen of corundum which apart from red, blue, or colorless, is found in a variety of colors such as pink, yellow, and green.  

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Within the corundum mineral family, ruby is widely known for its intense hardness. It is the third-hardest mineral, after diamond and moissanite, ranked 9 on Mohs Hardness Scale. Its extreme hardness and chemical stability, make it an excellent abrasive for industrial use such as in industrial bearings, scratch-resistant windows for electronic instruments, wafers for circuit boards, and many other applications.

The trace element which causes the color red in this gemstone is chromium which varies amongst gemstones even if they are mined from the same source. The most desirable color in ruby is the so-called “Pigeon’s Blood” which is pure red with a hint of blue. As a rough stone, ruby appears dull and greasy, but after being cut, the gemstone’s luster can approach that of a diamond. Heat treatment tends to be carried out in order to improve the color and transparency of the gemstone.

Occurrence & Mining
Countries such as Burma, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, India, and Afghanistan traditionally source rubies while in the past decade parts of Africa such as Madagascar, Kenya, Tanzania, Nigeria, and Malawi, have become important producers of this gemstone. In fact, one of the finest quality rubies has the GIA documentation of Myanmar (Burmese) origin.

Rubies of Alaghband
The gemstones Alaghband adorns its fine jewelry with, have been hand-selected by our experts from around the world. It is important for us to use the best quality gemstones available with documentation and certificates from world-renowned gemological laboratories such as GIA, GRS, and Gübelin Gem Lab. Upon custom request, Alaghband accepts orders based on the client’s desired gemstone, design, and price range. Do not hesitate to contact our jewelry experts for further assistance.

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